10 Easy Steps To Changing A Tire

Jim Luff
Posted on February 3, 2016

In most cases, if you get a flat, a fleet repair company will be dispatched to promptly change the tire.

However, if you are far away from the nearest help, it might be faster to just change it yourself. 

Since it isn't something we do often, let's review the steps:

#1: Make sure your vehicle is parked on level ground, as far off the roadway as possible. Make sure the surface where you will place the jack is hard and compacted such as the roadway surface of hard packed dirt. Never place a jack on loose gravel or soft sand.

#2: Place the jack, lug nut wrench, spare tire and jack handle (if needed) next to the tire to be changed.

#3: Make sure the vehicle is in park and the parking brake has been applied.

#4: Remove the hubcap to expose the lug nuts. Loosen each of the lug nuts one single turn using the lug wrench but do NOT remove them yet.

#5: Place the spare tire standing up next to the wheel you are taking off. Locate the manufacturer recommended jack point using the owner's manual and place the jack in the appropriate position. In the absence of a manual, select a point on the steel frame of the car to be the jack point. Do not place the jack under the body of the car. Use only the steel frame and position the jack so you don't have to be under the car to lift it. Never slide under a car supported only by a jack!

#6: Jack the vehicle to the level required to be as high as needed to place the spare tire on. Remember, you may not have to jack the car very high to remove the flat since there is no air in the tire. The spare tire should be used as the gauge of how high to jack the vehicle up.

#7: Remove the lug nuts of the flat tire and place inside the hubcap. Remove the flat tire and place on the side of the road. Do NOT attempt to put it in the trunk yet.

#8: Place the spare on the lugs and replace all the lug nuts from the hob cap. Turn them as far as you can by hand and make them finger tight. Once you have done that, use the lug wrench to tighten them up without exerting a lot of force. Start with the one at the top, then the one at the bottom. Next the one to the left of the top and next the one directly opposite. Continue this until all have been tightened using the wrench with enough force to secure.

#9: Lower the vehicle and use the lug wrench again to firmly tighten each lug nut again once the car has been lowered off the jack.

#10: Replace the hub cap and return all equipment and then flat tire to the trunk.

Related Topics: fleet management, Jim Luff, maintenance, maintenance tips, preventing breakdowns, Shop Talk blog, tires and wheels, vehicle maintenance, vehicle repairs

Jim Luff Contributing Editor
Comments ( 1 )
  • anthony

     | about 2 years ago

    One important thing before lifting vehicle.. Turn off air bags before lifting vehicle and after replacing tire

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